If you’re new to Michigan marijuana laws or looking for more in-depth answers, you’ve come to the right place. We’ll explore Michigan’s medical marijuana laws, recreational cannabis regulations and more in this guide. So grab your favorite snack, and let’s dive in!
Yes, recreational marijuana was legalized in Michigan when Michigan voters approved the legalization in 2018.
The legal age to purchase and consume recreational marijuana in Michigan is 21.
You must be at least 21 years old to purchase recreational cannabis. Medical marijuana patients can be younger under the Michigan medical marijuana program.
Besides being 21 or older, you need a valid ID. Medical marijuana patients need a valid Michigan medical marijuana card.
Yes, adults aged 21 and over can purchase marijuana in Michigan, regardless of whether they are residents or visiting from out of state. However, out-of-state visitors should be aware of the legal possession limits and are advised not to transport marijuana across state lines, which is illegal under federal law.
Yes, Michigan residents can grow up to 12 marijuana plants per household for personal use.
Here is a detailed breakdown:
The MRTMA, passed in 2018 in Michigan, sets limitations on marijuana use, possession, and cultivation. It allows approved patients to obtain up to 2.5 ounces of medical marijuana at a time and permits recreational use residents to purchase up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis, with a cannabis concentrate limited to 15 grams. While gifting up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana to other adults is allowed, promoting such transfers is discouraged.
Michigan Cannabis Taxes
The Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act imposes 10% on retail cannabis sales and a 6% sales tax.
Medical marijuana patients are exempt from the 10% excise tax but still pay the 6% sales tax.
Cannabis taxes are allocated to various entities:
- 15% of revenue from marijuana retail stores and microbusinesses is allocated to municipalities based on the number of establishments within each.
- 15% of marijuana revenue goes to counties with retail stores or microbusinesses. Allocation is based on the number of such establishments within each county.
- 35% to the School Aid Fund for K-12 education.
- 35% to the Michigan Transportation Fund for repairs and maintenance.
Michigan Cannabis Regulations
Cannabis products are tested for potency, contaminants, and quality before sale. This includes:
- Toxic chemicals
- Heavy metals
Testing is conducted by accredited, third-party labs, with results detailed in a Certificate of Analysis (COA). COA provides essential information such as:
- Terpene content
- Cannabinoid profiles
- The presence of any contaminants
Michigan has six accredited marijuana safety compliance facilities. These facilities function under the Michigan Coalition of Independent Cannabis Testing Laboratories.
The Michigan Cannabis Regulatory Agency (CRA) oversees the operations of adult-use marijuana establishments within the state. These businesses are required to comply with cannabis standards set by the CRA:
- General operations
- Quality systems
Michigan’s Marijuana Regulatory Agency (MRA) focuses on various aspects such as microbials, mycotoxins, moisture content, foreign materials, pesticides, and other chemical residues. Compared to other states, Michigan has a more lenient approach to cannabis, providing individuals with greater flexibility in purchasing and consuming cannabis products.
Penalties range from civil infractions to felonies, depending on the quantity and intent (e.g., personal use vs. commercial purpose).
Violations can lead to fines, incarceration, or both, with severity depending on the nature of the violation.
Note: Possession within 1,000 feet of a park can lead to up to 2 years imprisonment and a $2,000 fine.
Yes, there are limits on THC content, and some products might be prohibited under state or municipal laws.
Michigan Medical Marijuana
Yes, medical marijuana is legal. Eligibility criteria include having a qualifying medical condition and obtaining a recommendation from a licensed physician.
You need to have a qualifying medical condition and receive a recommendation from a licensed physician, then apply through the Michigan medical marijuana program.
Conditions include cancer, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and more. The full list is available through the Michigan medical marijuana program.
Generally, no. However, specific cases might allow for exceptions, especially where medical necessity is demonstrated.
It depends on workplace policies. Employers may prohibit the use or possession in the workplace.
Within Michigan, yes. But you cannot cross state lines with it due to federal law.
Michigan Medical Marijuana
A Medical Marijuana Caregiver is an individual whom a qualifying patient designates to grow and provide medical marijuana to that patient. The caregiver assists the patient in the medical use of marijuana in accordance with Michigan’s medical marijuana laws.
A caregiver can assist up to four qualifying patients at a time.
To become a caregiver in Michigan:
- Be at least 21 years old
- Be a Michigan resident
- Be designated as a caregiver on the patient’s medical cannabis license application
- Not be the physician conducting the patient’s evaluation
- Have a valid DMV ID or government-issued non-driver ID card
- Complete the online registration process
Caregivers must also pass a criminal background check unless they are a close relative of the qualified patient.
Yes, caregivers can cultivate up to 12 marijuana plants for each registered patient. The plants must be grown in a secured and locked facility. This can be indoors or in a greenhouse, but outdoor cultivation may have additional restrictions.
Medical marijuana should be stored in a manner that ensures its safety and prevents unauthorized access. Proper labeling and storage conditions, away from children and pets, are vital.
Caregivers can receive compensation for costs associated with assisting their registered patients but are not allowed to sell marijuana to anyone not registered as their patient.
First, a qualifying patient must designate you as their caregiver. Then, you need to apply to the Michigan Medical Marijuana Program (MMMP) to obtain an ID card. The process includes background checks and an application fee.
No, caregivers can only provide medical marijuana to registered qualifying patients in Michigan.
Caregivers must ensure they provide medical marijuana per the state’s laws, maintain patient confidentiality, and consistently meet the well-being and health needs of their designated patients.
Violations can lead to legal penalties, including fines and imprisonment. Additionally, caregivers may lose their registration status and may be prohibited from serving as caregivers in the future.
Michigan Cannabis Consumption & Safety
No, it’s illegal to drive under the influence of cannabis in Michigan.
Driving under the influence is a crime and can result in fines, loss of driving privileges, and even incarceration.
Health risks can include impaired cognitive function, potential dependency, lung issues if smoked, and more.
Seek immediate veterinary care. Cannabis can be harmful to pets.
Michigan Cannabis Consumption & Safety
Yes, licensed businesses can deliver cannabis in Michigan.
Deliveries must be made by licensed establishments, and there are rules about tracking, ID verification, and purchase limits.
Yes, many licensed dispensaries offer online ordering for in-store or curbside pickup.
Yes, a valid ID verifying age (and medical card, if applicable) is required.
The limit is typically 2.5 ounces of marijuana or equivalent products for recreational users. Medical patients may have different limits based on their prescriptions.
Dispensaries in Michigan primarily accept cash as a form of payment. Due to marijuana still being federally illegal, many banks and credit card companies hesitate to service cannabis businesses.
However, with the growing acceptance of the cannabis industry, some dispensaries might offer ATM services on-site or may have alternative payment methods, such as mobile apps or payment platforms that cater specifically to the cannabis industry. It’s always a good idea to check with the specific dispensary beforehand or bring cash just in case.
Travel & Transportation in Michigan
No, transporting cannabis across state lines is illegal under federal law.
Cannabis use and possession on federal land, including airports, is illegal.
Cannabis should be sealed and inaccessible in the trunk or a locked container. Driving under the influence is strictly prohibited.
Remember, these are general answers and may not cover specific details or recent changes to the law. Always consult official resources or legal counsel for more information.